Continued stabilization of blood collections and transfusions in the United States: Findings from the 2021 National Blood Collection and Utilization Survey
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Continued stabilization of blood collections and transfusions in the United States: Findings from the 2021 National Blood Collection and Utilization Survey

Public Access Version Available on: October 01, 2024, 12:00 AM
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      National Blood Collection and Utilization Surveys (NBCUS) have reported decreases in U.S. blood collections and transfusions since 2008. The declines began to stabilize in 2015–2017, with a subsequent increase in transfusions in 2019. Data from the 2021 NBCUS were analyzed to understand the current dynamics of blood collection and use in the United States.


      In March 2022, all community-based (53) and hospital-based (83) blood collection centers, a randomly selected 40% of transfusing hospitals performing 100–999 annual inpatient surgeries, and all transfusing hospitals performing ≥1000 annual inpatient surgeries were sent a 2021 NBCUS survey to ascertain blood collection and transfusion data. Responses were compiled, and national estimates were calculated for the number of units of blood and blood components collected, distributed, transfused, and outdated in 2021. Weighting and imputation were applied to account for non-responses and missing data, respectively.


      Survey response rates were 92.5% (49/53) for community-based blood centers, 74.7% (62/83) for hospital-based blood centers, and 76.3% (2102/2754) for transfusing hospitals. Overall, 11,784,000 (95% confidence interval [CI], 11,392,000–12,177,000) whole blood and apheresis red blood cell (RBC) units were collected in 2021, a 1.7% increase from 2019; 10,764,000 (95% CI, 10,357,000–11,171,000) whole blood-derived and apheresis RBC units were transfused, a 0.8% decrease. Total platelet units distributed increased by 0.8%; platelet units transfused decreased by 3.0%; plasma units distributed increased by 16.2%; and plasma units transfused increased by 1.4%.


      The 2021 NBCUS findings demonstrate a stabilization in U.S. blood collections and transfusions, suggesting a plateau has been reached for both.

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