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What we have learned ... 1990-1995
  • Published Date:
    March 25, 1996
Filetype[PDF - 289.71 KB]


Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Center for Prevention Services (U.S.), Division of STD/HIV Prevention. ; Centers for Disease Control (U.S.) ;
  • Description:
    1. Analysis of Self-Reported Data from Women Attending 39 Pennsylvania Planned Parenthood Clinics -- 2. Analysis of 1988-1991 General Social Survey:Factors Associated with Sexual Risk Behavior -- 3. Analysis of Counseling and Testing Data, National Health Interview Survey, and CDC CT Database -- 4. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS): Attitudes About HIV/STDs, HIV Testing and Counseling -- 5. Comparison of Written and Audio Methods for Assessing STD/HIV Risk in STD Clinic Patients -- 6. Condom Use and Rates of STDs: Data From Cycle IV National Survey of Family Growth (1988) -- 7. Condom Use: Data from the 1990 National Survey of Family Growth -- 8. Cycle V (1994) National Survey of Family Growth: Questionnaire Items STD- and HIV-Related Behavior and Prevention -- 9. Evaluation of the DIS Interview Process -- 10. HIV/AIDS/STDs in Correctional Facilities: Issues and Options -- 11. HIV Prevention and Treatment Practices of Primary Care Physicians in the United States -- 12. Sexual Behavior and Condom Use Among Street Youth in Hollywood, California -- 13. Use, Acceptance, and Use-Effectiveness of Condoms in Preventing HIV and STD Transmission -- -- Community-Based Formative and Intervention Research -- 14. The AIDS Community Demonstration Projects -- 15. Alexandra Youth Project (Republic of South Africa) -- 16. Behaviors of Crack Cocaine Users and their Impact on Early Syphilis Intervention -- 17. Development and Pretest of HIV/STD Intervention Strategies of Targeting Minority Heterosexual Males -- 18. Evaluation of HIV Prevention Street Outreach Program for IDUs and Youth at High Risk (AESOP) -- 19. Evaluation of the Experience of African American and Latina Women with Sexual Decision Making and the Female Condom: An Ethnographic Study -- 20. Men Who Have Sex With Men: Minority Behavioral Assessment Project -- 21. Sociocultural Factors and HIV/AIDS Risk Reduction Programs in Young African American Homosexual and Bisexual Men -- -- Small Group Formative and Intervention Research -- 22. A Clinic-Based Research and Demonstration Project to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among High Risk Blacks and Latinos -- 23. A Formative Evaluation of HIV/AIDS Risk Reduction Programs in Prison Settings -- 24. The Atlanta Congenital Syphilis Research Project: Assessing and Improving Provider Compliance -- 25. Risk Factors for HIV/STD and Intervention Opportunities Among Students Attending Alternative High Schools: the Cities in Schools Project -- 26. Community Support Group Study -- 27. Evaluation of Group Counseling for HIV-Positive Drug Users -- 28. Evaluation of the Impact of HIV C&T on Methadone Clients in Drug Treatment Centers -- 29. Evaluation of Risk Among Injection Drug Users in Detoxification Treatment (Proyecto ERAT) -- 30. Hemophilia Behavioral Intervention Evaluation Projects (Adolescents) -- 31. Hemophilia Behavioral Intervention Evaluation Projects (Adults) -- 32. Peace Corps STD/HIV Intervention Design Project -- 33. The Prevention of HIV in Women and Infants Demonstration Projects (WIDP) -- 34. STD Clinic Flow and Utilization: -- 35. Women in Support Groups (WINGS) -- -- One-On-One Formative And Intervention Research -- 36. Development and Integration of Computer Assisted Assessment and Education with Computer Assisted Counseling/Testing -- 37. Behavioral Risks for HIV/STD and Birth Outcomes Among Pregnant Women Who Abuse Substances: Evidence From Intensive Outreach Through Project Prevent -- 38. Evaluation of Multi Media HIV Risk Assessment of Inner City African American Adolescent Women -- 39. Perinatal HIV Reduction and Education Activities (PHREDA) -- 40. Prenatal Care Utilization Project -- 41. Prevention of HIV Risk Behaviors Among Young Women: Using Community Resources to Explore Alternatives to Prostitution -- 42. Project Respect: MultiCenter Study of Enhanced Counseling versus Current Counseling for Prevention of HIV/STD -- 43. Evaluation of Factors, Including Perceived and Actual Risk, That Influence HIV-Testing Behaviors Among STD Clinic Clients

    The Behavioral and Prevention Research Branch (BPRB) was formed in 1989 when the Division of STD/HIV Prevention was reorganized. Its principal goal was to create a foundation of behavioral and social science expertise within the National Center for Prevention Services and to foster interdisciplinary research approaches to all applied research in the Division and the Center as a whole. The multidisciplinary team of anthropologists, sociologists, psychologists, epidemiologists, statisticians, demographers, analysts, and post doctoral fellows in collaboration with partners within and external to CDC generated a research agenda that will carry on to the year 2000. While the Branch's work attempted to find ways to change behaviors associated with the acquisition and transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections at the group, individual and community levels, the work also created a behavioral and social science environment of collegial and disciplined research that crossed numerous Centers and Divisions at the CDC as well as other Federal Agencies. Every year the Branch has published a compendium of research projects, publications, and work products. During this year of transition when the former Behavioral Prevention and Research Branch (BPRB) gives birth to a new Branch, the Behavioral Interventions and Research Branch (BIRB), this document will serve to once again share with our partners, within and external to CDC, those findings and opportunities resulting from the energy and enthusiasm of the Behavioral and Social Scientists in the National Center for Prevention Services. This manuscript is the final collective work of BPRB and is intended for use by our partners in research and service, by our sister agencies, and by our customers: the State and local health agencies and community based organizations which seek the most effective interventions and measures to reflect success in reducing morbidity and mortality associated with STD and HIV. These project summaries provide some answers to the questions of what we have learned and what works by focusing on the results and implications generated by the projects conducted between 1990 and 1995. Readers who are interested in the scientific methods and theories which produced the results are referred to BPRB's annual research summaries and the publications listed at the end of the project summaries in this manuscript. The results in this manuscript meet four criteria for inclusion. First, they are substantive, conceptual, or preliminary but not methodologic. Second, they are directly related to the purpose of the respective project. Third, they are statistically significant or described with caveats. Lastly, in the case of multi-site projects, they are common or similar in at least two sites. Occasionally, projects produced results that did not meet the above criteria but were of compelling interest. These results are placed under the heading of "other findings." The implications which are included are specific suggestions for the application of the results. Only those publications that are readily accessible to readers, such as journal articles and published meeting abstracts, are listed. Products are those materials produced, or planned to be produced, by or as a result of the project and which are, or will be, available to readers, such as videos, software, guidelines, curricula, and policy statements.

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