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Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis; (XDR TB)
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  • Alternative Title:
    XDR TB
  • Description:
    What is extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB)? -- How is XDR TB spread? -- Why is XDR TB so serious? -- Who is at risk for getting XDR TB? -- How can I prevent myself from getting TB? -- Can the TB vaccine (BCG) help prevent XDR TB? -- If I have drug-susceptible TB, how can I prevent getting drug-resistant TB? -- Can XDR TB be treated and cured? -- What are the symptoms of XDR TB? -- What should I do if I have been around someone who has XDR TB? -- How long does it take to find out if you have XDR TB? -- Is XDR TB a problem in the United States? -- How many cases of XDR TB have been reported in the United States? -- Is it safe to travel to countries where cases of XDR TB have been reported? -- What can health care providers do to prevent XDR TB? -- Why does there seem to be more cases of XDR TB now than there were in the past? -- What is CDC doing to prevent XDR TB from becoming a bigger problem? -- Additional information

    Extensively drug resistant TB (XDR TB) is a rare type of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) that is resistant to isoniazid and rifampin, plus any fluoroquinolone and at least one of three injectable second-line drugs (i.e., amikacin, kanamycin, or capreomycin). MDR TB is caused by an organism that is resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampin, the two most potent TB drugs.

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