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HIV testing trends in the United States, 2000-2011
  • Published Date:
    January 2013
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HIV testing trends in the United States, 2000-2011
Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (U.S.), Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention.
  • Description:
    Executive summary -- Introduction -- Methodology -- Results -- Commentary -- References -- Appendix A: Results by data source -- Appendix B: Variables and questions from data sources

    The purpose of this report is to examine HIV testing trends from 2000 to 2011 in the United States in order to consider the impact of CDC's Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health-Care Settings and other factors that may influence HIV testing. This report provides results of the analysis of four data sources (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), and Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS)) containing HIV testing information for having ever been tested and tested in the last 12 months for HIV among adults, adolescents, and pregnant women, nationally and by state-level Expanded Testing Initiative funding status. SAS version 9.3 and SUDAAN were used in order to account for the complex sample designs. The analyses included descriptive statistics and linear regression modeling to determine if a significant change in testing occurred between the first and last years of data analyzed. Despite increased testing among some populations, testing in the last 12 months, testing among adolescents, and testing among pregnant women did not change significantly. HIV testing is emphasized in the National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS) and the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP) Strategic Plan. One of the targets set forth in the NHAS and the DHAP Strategic Plan is to increase the percentage of people who are living with HIV who know their serostatus from 79% to 90% by 2015. Monitoring and evaluating HIV testing, nationally and at the state-level, is necessary to monitor progress toward this goal and to ensure HIV testing resources are targeted to and reaching persons who are unaware of their infection.

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