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Healthy eating index-2005 total and component scores for adults aged 20 and over; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2004
  • Published Date:
    December 13, 2011
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Healthy eating index-2005 total and component scores for adults aged 20 and over; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2004
Details:
  • Personal Authors:
  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
  • Series:
    National health statistics reports ; no. 44
    DHHS publication ; no. (PHS) 2012-1250
  • Document Type:
  • Description:
    Objective: This report provides Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005) scores for adults aged 20 and over, by sex, age groups, race and ethnicity, and level of education in the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2003-2004). Methods: The analytic sample consisted of 4,448 adults aged 20 and over from NHANES 2003-2004. The Day 1 dietary recall was used to estimate the HEI-2005 scores. Food and nutrient intakes were assessed on a density basis. The population's mean usual HEI-2005 component and total scores were calculated using a population ratio method based on programs written by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion. A two-tailed t-test was used to test significant differences between sexes, age and race, and ethnic groups and levels of education. Statistical hypotheses were tested at the p < 0.05 level of significance using a t statistic. The t-value at 0.975 with 15 degrees of freedom was 2.131. The Bonferroni method of adjustment was used to adjust the critical value for the family of pairwise comparisons for age, race and ethnicity, and education. Results: Adults were below the maximum standard for all the HEI-2005 component scores except for total grains and meat and beans. Females and the oldest age group were more successful in meeting the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 recommendations for the fruit and vegetable components and discretionary calories, and had a slightly higher overall diet quality score than their counterparts. Adults with more than a high school education more closely complied with the recommendations for many of the components compared with those with less education. No one racial and ethnic group stood out as having the highest HEI-2005 scores across most of the components. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that adults continue to fall short in meeting the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 recommendations, and that sociodemographic characteristics influence their food choices and overall diet quality.

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