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Global Polio Eradication progress 1999
  • Published Date:
    April 2000
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-710.00 KB]

  • Corporate Authors:
    World Health Organization, Global Polio Eradication Initiative. ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S. ; Rotary International. ; ... More ▼
  • Description:
    The global initiative to eradicate polio by the end of 2000 has become the largest public health initiative in history, and is spearheaded by WHO, Rotary International, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and UNICEF. During 1999, extraordinary progress continued with the number of polio-endemic countries declining from 50 in 1998 to 30 in 1999. Of

    the three types of poliovirus, type 2 poliovirus reached the verge of extinction with the only known remaining foci existing in northern India. Polio incidence declined to the lowest levels ever in 1999, although reported cases increased slightly to 7 012 due to improvements in surveillance and polio outbreaks in Angola and Iraq. Existing challenges to the initiative included maintaining high-quality activities, gaining access to children in conflict affected countries, and ensuring political and financial support until certification is achieved in 2005. An additional challenge, ensuring sufficient oral polio vaccine, emerged during 1999 as a result of marked acceleration of immunization activities. The public-private sector partnership supporting the initiative expanded in 1999 to include the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Mr. Ted Turner’s United Nations Foundation, the World Bank, Aventis Pasteur, and De Beers.


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