Prioritization of Evidence-Based and Evidence-Informed Interventions for Retention in Medical Care for Persons with HIV
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Prioritization of Evidence-Based and Evidence-Informed Interventions for Retention in Medical Care for Persons with HIV

Public Access Version Available on: July 01, 2024, 12:00 AM
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  • Alternative Title:
    AIDS Behav
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    Up to 50% of those diagnosed with HIV in the U.S. are not retained in medical care. Care retention provides opportunity to monitor benefits of HIV therapy and enable viral suppression. To increase retention, there is a need to prioritize best practices appropriate for translation and dissemination for real-world implementation. Eighteen interventions from CDC's Compendium of Evidence-Based Interventions were scored using the RE-AIM framework to determine those most suitable for dissemination. A CDC Division of HIV Prevention workgroup developed a RE-AIM scale with emphasis on the Implementation and Maintenance dimensions and less emphasis on the Efficacy dimension since all 18 interventions were already identified as evidence-based or evidence-informed. Raters referenced primary efficacy publications and scores were averaged for a ranked RE-AIM score for interventions. Of 18 interventions, four included care linkage and 7 included viral suppression outcomes. Interventions received between 20.6 and 35.3 points (45 maximum). Scores were converted into a percentage of the total possible with ranges between 45.8 and 78.4%. Top four interventions were ARTAS (78.4%); Routine Screening for HIV (RUSH) (73.2%); Optn4Life (67.4%) and Virology Fast Track (65.9%). All four scored high on Implementation and Maintenance dimensions. Select items within the scale were applicable to health equity, covering topics such as reaching under-served focus populations and acceptability to that population. Navigation-enhanced Case Management (NAV) scored highest on the health equity subscale. RE-AIM prioritization scores will inform dissemination and translation efforts, help clinical staff select feasible interventions for implementation, and support sustainability for those interventions.
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