Availability and Characteristics of Hospital-Affiliated Tobacco-Cessation Programs in the U.S., 2000–2018
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Availability and Characteristics of Hospital-Affiliated Tobacco-Cessation Programs in the U.S., 2000–2018

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  • English

  • Details:

    • Alternative Title:
      Am J Prev Med
    • Description:

      Smoking-cessation interventions can increase successful quitting, reduce healthcare costs, and enhance patients’ health and well-being. This study assesses changes in the availability of hospital-affiliated smoking-cessation programs over time in the U.S. and examines the hospital characteristics associated with such programs.


      Data were obtained from the American Hospital Association annual surveys. Joinpoint regressions were used to estimate the trends in having hospital-affiliated cessation programs between 2000 and 2018. A logit regression was used to estimate the association between hospital characteristics (bed size, location, teaching status, ownership) and having any hospital-affiliated cessation program. Analyses were conducted in 2019.


      The percentage of U.S. hospitals with any tobacco-cessation program increased from 23.8% (95% CI=22.7, 24.9) in 2000 to 45.5% (95% CI=44.2, 46.7) in 2018. There were sharp increases in the cessation programs between 2000 and 2002 but no change between 2015 and 2018. Hospitals with ≥200 beds (vs <200 beds; OR=2.6, 95% CI=2.5, 2.7), urban hospitals (vs rural; OR=1.3, 95% CI=1.2, 1.3), teaching hospitals (vs nonteaching; OR=1.7, 95% CI=1.7, 1.8), and private not-for-profit hospitals and public hospitals (vs private for-profit; OR=5.1, 95% CI=4.9, 5.3, and OR=3.2, 95% CI=3.0, 3.4, respectively) had higher odds of having a hospital-affiliated tobacco-cessation program.


      Less than half of U.S. hospitals reported having any hospital-affiliated cessation program in 2018. Although program prevalence nearly doubled between 2000 and 2015, this increase has not continued in recent years. Further efforts to promote and support hospital-affiliated cessation programs could be beneficial, especially among smaller, rural, nonteaching, and private for-profit hospitals.

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