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Foodborne Active Diseases Surveillance Network (FoodNet) 2008 surveillance report
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Foodborne Active Diseases Surveillance Network (FoodNet) 2008 surveillance report
  • Corporate Authors:
    National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases (U.S.), Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases., Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch. ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.) ;
  • Description:
    The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) is the principal foodborne-disease component of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Emerging Infections Program (EIP). FoodNet is a collaborative project involving CDC, 10 state health departments, the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) and the Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) of the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This report describes final surveillance data for Campylobacter, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, Listeria, Salmonella, Shigella, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, STEC non-O157, Vibrio, Yersinia for 2008, HUS for 2007, and trends in incidence since 1996. FoodNet was established in 1996 to conduct population-based active surveillance in five sites; Minnesota, Oregon, and selected counties in California, Connecticut, and Georgia. By 2004, the FoodNet surveillance area had expanded to include 10 sites: Connecticut, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, New Mexico, Oregon, and Tennessee, and selected counties in California, Colorado, and New York. The FoodNet surveillance area in 2008 included 46.4 million persons, representing 15.2% of the United States population. The sex, race, and ethnic distribution of the 2008 FoodNet surveillance population was similar to that of the United States population as whole, with the exception of the Hispanic population, which was under-represented. The objectives of FoodNet are to determine the burden of foodborne illness in the United States, monitor trends in the burden of specific foodborne illness over time, attribute the burden of foodborne illness to specific foods and settings, and disseminate information that can lead to improvements in public health practice and the development of interventions to reduce the burden of foodborne illness. By meeting these objectives, FoodNet can provide the information needed to assess the effectiveness of new food safety initiatives in decreasing the burden of foodborne illness in the United States. Data obtained through the network also can be used to target educational messages and other interventions for prevention and treatment to populations disproportionately affected by foodborne illness.

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