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Occupational health indicators; a guide for tracking occupational health conditions and their determinants
  • Published Date:
    June 2012
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Occupational health indicators; a guide for tracking occupational health conditions and their determinants
Details:
  • Corporate Authors:
    Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists ; National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health ;
  • Description:
    Introduction -- Employment demographics -- Indicator #1. Non-fatal work-related injuries and illnesses reported by employers -- Indicator #2. Work-related hospitalizations -- Indicator #3. Fatal work-related injuries -- Indicator #4 -work-related amputations with days away from work reported by employers -- Indicator #5. State workers' compensation claims for amputations with lost work- time -- Indicator #6. Hospitalizations for work-related burns -- Indicator #7. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders with days away from work reported by employers -- Indicator #8. State workers' compensation claims for carpal tunnel syndrome with lost work-time -- Indicator #9. Hospitalizations from or with pneumoconiosis -- Indicator #10. Mortality from or with pneumoconiosis -- Indicator #11. Acute work-related pesticide-associated illness and injury reported to poison control centers -- Indicator #12. Incidence of malignant mesothelioma -- Indicator #13. Elevated blood lead levels among adults -- Indicator #14. Percentage of workers employed in industries at high risk for occupational morbidity -- Indicator #15. Percentage of workers employed in occupations at high risk for occupational morbidity -- Indicator #16. Percentage of workers employed in industries and occupations at high risk for occupational mortality -- Indicator #17. Occupational safety and health professionals -- Indicator #18. OSHA enforcement activities -- Indicator #19. Workers' compensation awards -- Indicator #20. Low back disorder hospitalizations -- Appendix A. Original NIOSH-CSTE Occupational Health Surveillance Work Group members -- Appendix B. Core state members of the Occupational Health Surveillance Pilot Project -- Appendix C. Current OHI work group state representatives -- Appendix d. Current occupational health indicator and work group leads -- References

    "In 1998, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE), in association with the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), convened the NIOSH-States Occupational Health Surveillance Work Group to make recommendations to NIOSH concerning State-based surveillance activities for the coming decade. The original Work Group members agreed that the surveillance planning process should be outcome driven; e.g., begin with the identification of occupational injuries, illnesses and hazards to be placed under surveillance. The Work Group also identified a number of surveillance issues that cut across specific conditions and made several recommendations to NIOSH for the implementation of comprehensive State-based occupational health surveillance systems. A draft of the Work Group report contributed to the NIOSH Surveillance Strategic Plan. The Work Group report described draft 'profiles' for priority conditions to be placed under surveillance as part of State-based surveillance systems. Since the publication of the Work Group report, public health surveillance 'indicators' have been developed in several areas, including chronic disease, injury control and environmental health. These indicators are a construct of public health surveillance that define a specific measure of health or risk status (i.e., the occurrence of a health event or of factors associated with that event) among a specified population. Surveillance indicators allow a state to compare its health or risk status with that of other states and evaluate trends over time within the state, and guide priorities for prevention and intervention efforts. Occupational health indicators can provide information about a population's health status with respect to workplace injuries and illnesses or to factors that can influence health. These indicators can either be measures of health (work-related disease or injury) or factors associated with health, such as workplace exposures, hazards or interventions. This document describes the current recommended set of indicators for occupational health surveillance by the Work Group. The occupational health indicators that have been developed represent the consensus view of state and NIOSH representatives, and are intended as advisory to the states. The indicators represent a core set of data that, if collected at the state level, would assist in the development of programs to prevent workplace injuries and illnesses. They are a subset of the larger number of conditions that were recommended for surveillance in 2001. The indicators are intended to be used in conjunction with other guidelines for the state-based surveillance of occupational injuries and illnesses, and to be used as a complement to overall state and national goals to improve the health of the population." - p. 1

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