Load Asymmetry Angle Estimation Using Multiple view Videos
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Load Asymmetry Angle Estimation Using Multiple view Videos

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  • Alternative Title:
    IEEE Trans Hum Mach Syst
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    A robust computer vision-based approach is developed to estimate the load asymmetry angle defined in the revised NIOSH lifting equation (RNLE). The angle of asymmetry enables the computation of a recommended weight limit for repetitive lifting operations in a workplace to prevent lower back injuries. An open-source package OpenPose is applied to estimate the 2D locations of skeletal joints of the worker from two synchronous videos. Combining these joint location estimates, a computer vision correspondence and depth estimation method is developed to estimate the 3D coordinates of skeletal joints during lifting. The angle of asymmetry is then deduced from a subset of these 3D positions. Error analysis reveals unreliable angle estimates due to occlusions of upper limbs. A robust angle estimation method that mitigates this challenge is developed. We propose a method to flag unreliable angle estimates based on the average confidence level of 2D joint estimates provided by OpenPose. An optimal threshold is derived that balances the percentage variance reduction of the estimation error and the percentage of angle estimates flagged. Tested with 360 lifting instances in a NIOSH-provided dataset, the standard deviation of angle estimation error is reduced from 10.13° to 4.99°. To realize this error variance reduction, 34% of estimated angles are flagged and require further validation.
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