The State of state, territorial, and tribal suicide prevention : findings from reviews of suicide prevention plans
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The State of state, territorial, and tribal suicide prevention : findings from reviews of suicide prevention plans

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    Suicide is in the top 9 leading causes of death for age groups between 10 and 64 and took nearly 46,000 lives overall in 2020. Many more people think about, plan, or attempt suicide than die by suicide. In 2020, 12.2 million adults seriously considered suicide, 3.2 million planned a suicide, and 1.2 million attempted suicide. Among high school students, 19% seriously considered suicide, 16% planned a suicide, and 9% attempted suicide in 2019. Despite these sobering statistics, the good news is that suicide rates declined for two consecutive years, in 2019 and 2020.

    Suicide has no single cause. Preventing suicide requires a comprehensive public health approach that is: data driven; addresses multiple risk and protective factors at the individual-, relationship-, community-, and societal-levels; and relies on multisectoral partnerships working across multiple settings.

    The public health approach consists of four steps:

    1. Using data to define, understand, and monitor the problem (for example, determining the “who,” “what,” “when,” “where,” and “how”)

    2. Identifying factors that increase and decrease risk of suicide and that provide insight into the “why”

    3. Developing and testing “what works” (best practices) to prevent suicide

    4. Widely disseminating and implementing programs, practices, and policies with the best available evidence

    Suggested citation: Carmichael A, Kennedy KS, Kokubun CW, Brown MM, Welder LE, Stone DM. 2022. The State of State, Territorial, and Tribal Suicide Prevention: Findings from Reviews of Suicide Prevention Plans. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Atlanta, GA.



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