Influenza vaccination coverage among adults with diabetes, United States, 2007–08 through 2017–18 seasons
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Influenza vaccination coverage among adults with diabetes, United States, 2007–08 through 2017–18 seasons

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    • Alternative Title:
      Vaccine
    • Description:
      Background: Diabetes is associated with higher risk of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality from influenza. We assessed influenza vaccination coverage among adults aged ≥18 years with diabetes during the 2007–08 through 2017–18 influenza seasons and identified factors independently associated with vaccination during the 2017–18 season. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2007–2018 National Health Interview Surveys, using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis to estimate season-specific influenza vaccination coverage. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to examine whether diabetes was independently associated with self-reported influenza vaccination in the past 12 months and identify factors independently associated with vaccination among adults with diabetes using the 2017–18 data. Results: During the 2007–08 through 2017–18 influenza seasons, influenza vaccination coverage among adults aged ≥18 years with diabetes ranged from 62.6% to 64.8%. In the 2017–18 influenza season, coverage was significantly higher among adults with diabetes (64.8%) compared with those without diabetes (43.9%). Having diabetes was independently associated with an increased prevalence of vaccination after controlling for other factors. Among adults with diabetes, living at or above poverty level, having more physician contacts, having usual place for health care, and being unemployed were independently associated with increased prevalence of vaccination; being 18–64 years and non-Hispanic black were independently associated with decreased prevalence of vaccination. Conclusions: Despite specific recommendations for influenza vaccination among people with diabetes, more than one-third of adults with diabetes are unvaccinated. Targeted efforts are needed to increase influenza vaccination coverage among adults with diabetes.
    • Pubmed ID:
      32819730
    • Pubmed Central ID:
      PMC9063722
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