Suicide prevention research priorities
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Suicide prevention research priorities

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      Suicide is a critical public health problem in the United States. It is a leading cause of death in the United States, especially for persons 10 to 34 years of age. In 2019, more than 47,500 people died by suicide. Yet, suicide deaths represent just the tip of the iceberg. In 2019, 12 million adults reported serious thoughts of suicide during the past year, 3.5 million planned a suicide, and 1.4 million attempted suicide. Suicides and suicide attempts in 2019 led to a lifetime combined medical and lost work costs of approximately $70 billion.

      In 2012, the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention (Action Alliance) developed a National Strategy for Suicide Prevention. In 2021, the Surgeon General released a Call to Action to implement this National Strategy. In 2017, the Action Alliance and the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention put forth a national goal to reduce suicide rates by 20% by 2025. In 2020, the CDC Injury Center released its first suicide prevention strategic plan, which includes a focus on expanding research on suicide to inform comprehensive prevention efforts. CDC’s suicide prevention Research Priorities outlined below align with the strategic plan as well as with the Surgeon General’s Call to Action, and address key gaps in our current understanding of suicide prevention. Addressing these research gaps will expand the evidence base for prevention strategies in disproportionately affected populations and identify strategies that can result in populationlevel reductions in suicide. CDC’s research will also strengthen methods for measuring suicide and associated risk and protective factors. These efforts will support communities in their efforts to achieve substantial reductions in suicide.

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