Firearm Homicides and Suicides in Major Metropolitan Areas — U.S. 2015–2016 and 2018–2019
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Firearm Homicides and Suicides in Major Metropolitan Areas — U.S. 2015–2016 and 2018–2019

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  • Alternative Title:
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep
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    Firearm homicides and suicides represent an ongoing public health concern in the U.S. During 2018-2019, a total of 28,372 firearm homicides (including 3,612 [13%] among youths and young adults aged 10-19 years [youths]) and 48,372 firearm suicides (including 2,463 [5%] among youths) occurred among U.S. residents (1). This report is the fourth in a series* that provides statistics on firearm homicides and suicides in major metropolitan areas. As with earlier reports, this report provides a special focus on youth violence, including suicide, recognizing the magnitude of the problem and the importance of early Prevention efforts. Firearm homicide and suicide rates were calculated for the 50 most populous U.S. metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs)| for the periods 2015-2016 and 2018-2019, separated by a transition year (2017), using Mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System (U.S.) (NVSS) and population data from the U.S. Census Bureau Following a period of decreased firearm homicide rates among persons of all ages after 2006-2007 in large metropolitan areas collectively and nationally, by 2015-2016 rates had returned to levels comparable to those observed a decade earlier and remained nearly unchanged as of 2018-2019. Firearm suicide rates among persons aged ≥10 years have continued to increase in large MSAs collectively as well as nationally. Although the youth firearm suicide rate remained much lower than the overall rate, the youth rate nationally also continued to increase, most notably outside of large MSAs. The findings in this report underscore a continued and urgent need for a comprehensive approach to Prevention This includes efforts to prevent firearm homicide and suicide in the first place and support individual persons and communities at increased risk, as well as lessening harms after firearm homicide and suicide have occurred.
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