Quantifying elemental and organic carbon in diesel particulate matter by mid-infrared spectrometry
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Quantifying elemental and organic carbon in diesel particulate matter by mid-infrared spectrometry

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  • Alternative Title:
    Aerosol Sci Technol
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  • Description:
    A method for the quantification of airborne organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) within aerosolized diesel particulate matter (DPM) is described in this article. DPM is a known carcinogen encountered in many industrial workplaces (notably mining) and in the ambient atmosphere. The method described here collects DPM particles onto a quartz fiber filter, after which reflection-mode infrared spectra are measured on a mid-infrared Fourier transform (FT-IR) spectrometer. Several infrared absorption bands are investigated for their efficacy in quantifying OC and EC. The thermo-optical (T-O) method is used to calibrate a linear regression model to predict OC and EC from the infrared spectra. The calibrated model, generated from laboratory DPM samples, is then utilized to quantify OC and EC in mine samples obtained from two metal mine locations under a variety of operating conditions. The feasibility of further improving these results by partial least squares (PLS) regression was investigated. A single calibration that is broadly applicable would be considered an improvement over currently available portable instruments, which require aerosol-specific calibration.
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