Disparities in stressful life events among children aged 5–17 years : United States, 2019
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Disparities in stressful life events among children aged 5–17 years : United States, 2019

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  • English

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    • Description:
      Key findings

      Data from the National Health Interview Survey

      • In 2019, 6.8% of children aged 5–17 years were victims of or witnessed violence in their neighborhood with exposure varying by age, race and Hispanic origin, and level of urbanization.

      • The percentage of children aged 5–17 years who had lived with a parent or guardian who served time in jail or prison increased with age and varied by sociodemographic characteristics.

      • The percentage of children who had lived with someone who was mentally ill or severely depressed varied by race and Hispanic origin and urbanization level.

      • Among children aged 5–17 years, 9.7% had lived with someone with an alcohol or drug problem, and the percentage differed by age, race and Hispanic origin, and urbanization level.

      Stressful life events in childhood include various forms of abuse, neglect, and household instability, such as violence exposure, parental incarceration, or living with someone with mental health, alcohol, or drug problems (1). These events are key social determinants of a child’s well-being and can have lifelong impacts on physical and mental health (2–9). This report presents sociodemographic disparities in stressful life events as reported by a knowledgeable adult, usually a parent, among children aged 5–17 years using the 2019 National Health Interview Survey data.

      Suggested citation: Ullmann H, Weeks JD, Madans JH. Disparities in stressful life events among children aged 5–17 years: United States, 2019. NCHS Data Brief, no 416. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2021. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.15620/109052.

      CS326191

      db416.pdf

    • Content Notes:
      Key findings -- What percentage of children aged 5–17 years were exposed to violence in their neighborhood, and did this vary by sociodemographic characteristics? -- What percentage of children ever lived with a parent or guardian who served time in jail or prison, and did this vary by sociodemographic characteristics? -- What percentage of children aged 5–17 years ever lived with someone who was mentally ill or severely depressed, and did this vary by sociodemographic characteristics? -- What percentage of children aged 5–17 years ever lived with someone with an alcohol or drug problem, and did this vary by sociodemographic characteristic? -- Summary -- Definitions -- Data source and methods -- About the authors -- References -- Suggested citation.
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