Multivariate Top-Coding for Statistical Disclosure Limitation
Advanced Search
Select up to three search categories and corresponding keywords using the fields to the right. Refer to the Help section for more detailed instructions.

Search our Collections & Repository

All these words:

For very narrow results

This exact word or phrase:

When looking for a specific result

Any of these words:

Best used for discovery & interchangable words

None of these words:

Recommended to be used in conjunction with other fields



Publication Date Range:


Document Data


Document Type:






Clear All

Query Builder

Query box

Clear All

For additional assistance using the Custom Query please check out our Help Page


Multivariate Top-Coding for Statistical Disclosure Limitation

Filetype[PDF-334.43 KB]

  • English

  • Details:

    • Alternative Title:
      Priv Stat Databases
    • Description:
      One of the most challenging problems for national statistical agencies is how to release to the public microdata sets with a large number of attributes while keeping the disclosure risk of sensitive information of data subjects under control. When statistical agencies alter microdata in order to limit the disclosure risk, they need to take into account relationships between the variables to produce a good quality public data set. Hence, Statistical Disclosure Limitation (SDL) methods should not be univariate (treating each variable independently of others), but preferably multivariate, that is, handling several variables at the same time. Statistical agencies are often concerned about disclosure risk associated with the extreme values of numerical variables. Thus, such observations are often top or bottom-coded in the public use files. Top-coding consists of the substitution of extreme observations of the numerical variable by a threshold, for example, by the 99th percentile of the corresponding variable. Bottom coding is defined similarly but applies to the values in the lower tail of the distribution. We argue that a univariate form of top/bottom-coding may not offer adequate protection for some subpopulations which are different in terms of a top-coded variable from other subpopulations or the whole population. In this paper, we propose a multivariate form of top-coding based on clustering the variables into groups according to some metric of closeness between the variables and then forming the rules for the multivariate top-codes using techniques of Association Rule Mining within the clusters of variables obtained on the previous step. Bottom-coding procedures can be defined in a similar way. We illustrate our method on a genuine multivariate data set of realistic size.
    • Pubmed ID:
    • Pubmed Central ID:
    • Document Type:
    • Collection(s):
    • Main Document Checksum:
    • File Type:

    Supporting Files

    More +

    You May Also Like

    Checkout today's featured content at