Co-involvement of opioids in drug overdose deaths involving cocaine and psychostimulants
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Co-involvement of opioids in drug overdose deaths involving cocaine and psychostimulants

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    Data from the National Vital Statistics System, Mortality • From 2009 through 2019, the rate of overdose deaths involving both cocaine and opioids increased at a faster pace than the rate of overdose deaths with cocaine but no opioids. • In 2019, 76% of overdose deaths involving cocaine also involved an opioid; the percentage varied by region, from 83% in the Northeast to 63% in the West. • From 2009 through 2016, the rate of overdose deaths involving psychostimulants but no opioids was higher than the rate for deaths involving both drugs; from 2017 through 2019, the pattern reversed with a higher rate for deaths involving both psychostimulants and opioids. • In 2019, 54% of overdose deaths involving psychostimulants also involved an opioid; the percentage varied by region, from 80% in the Northeast to 44% in the West. Deaths from drug overdose continue to contribute to the public health burden in the United States (1). The increase in the rate of drug overdose deaths involving cocaine and psychostimulants has been well-documented in recent years (1–4). This NCHS Data Brief provides additional information on drug overdose deaths involving cocaine and other psychostimulants (drugs such as methamphetamine, amphetamine, and methylphenidate) by examining the concurrent involvement of opioids. Trends from 2009 through 2019 and differences by census region in 2019 are presented. Suggested citation: Hedegaard H, Miniño AM, Warner M. Co-involvement of opioids in drug overdose deaths involving cocaine and psychostimulants. NCHS Data Brief, no 406. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2021. DOI: https://doi. org/10.15620/cdc:103966. CS323064 db406-H.pdf
  • Content Notes:
    Key findings -- From 2013 through 2019, the rate of drug overdose deaths involving both cocaine and opioids increased at a faster pace than the rate of overdose deaths involving cocaine without opioid involvement. -- In 2019, the percentage of cocaine-involved overdose deaths that also involved opioids varied by region. -- From 2009 through 2019, the trends in rates of overdose deaths involving psychostimulants varied according to whether opioids were involved. -- In 2019, the percentage of psychostimulant-involved overdose deaths that also involved opioids varied by region. -- Summary -- Definitions -- Data source and methods -- About the authors -- References -- Suggested citation.
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