Suicide mortality in the United States, 1999-2019
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Suicide mortality in the United States, 1999-2019

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      Data from the National Vital Statistics System, Mortality • After increasing from 1999 through 2018, the age-adjusted suicide rate in 2019 (13.9 per 100,000) was significantly lower than the rate in 2018 (14.2). • For females, rates in 2019 were similar to those in 2018 for all age groups except 25–44, where the rate in 2019 was significantly lower than the rate in 2018. • For males aged 10–14, 45–64, and 65–74, the rates in 2019 were significantly lower than the rates in 2018. • Similar to 2018, the 2019 rates for female suicide by suffocation (1.8) and by firearm (1.8) were higher than the rate for suicide by poisoning (1.7). • From 1999 through 2019, rates for male suicide were highest for those by firearm, while rates for suicide by suffocation saw the greatest percent increase, doubling from 3.3 in 1999 to 6.6 in 2019. In 2019, suicide was the 10th leading cause of death for all ages in the United States (1). As the second leading cause of death for ages 10–34 and the fourth leading cause for ages 35–54, suicide is a major contributor to premature mortality (2). Recent reports have documented a steady increase in suicide rates over the past two decades (3–6). This Data Brief uses final mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System to update trends in suicide rates from 1999 through 2019 and to describe differences by sex, age group, and means of suicide. Suggested citation: Hedegaard H, Curtin SC, Warner M. Suicide mortality in the United States, 1999–2019. NCHS Data Brief, no 398. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2021. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.15620/ cdc:101761. CS322242 db398-H.pdf
    • Content Notes:
      Key findings -- For both males and females, the suicide rate in 2019 was significantly lower than the rate in 2018. -- Female suicide rates in 2019 were similar to rates in 2018 for most age groups. -- Male suicide rates in 2019 were significantly lower than the rates in 2018 for age groups 10–14, 45–64, and 65–74. -- For females, the pattern in the means of suicide has changed in recent years. -- For males, rates of suicide by firearm and suffocation have increased in recent years. -- Summary -- Data source and methods -- About the authors -- References -- Suggested citation.
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