Characteristics of clinical extrapulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria isolates in Minnesota, 2013–2017
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Characteristics of clinical extrapulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria isolates in Minnesota, 2013–2017

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  • English

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    • Alternative Title:
      Minn Med
    • Description:
      Approximately 80 species of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) that cause disease are found environmentally and in animal reservoirs. Typically, pulmonary NTM infections are sporadic; extrapulmonary NTM (ENTM) infections are commonly outbreak associated. Recent sources of ENTM outbreaks in Minnesota include contaminated heater-cooler units used during cardiac surgery and contaminated hormone injections. We examined patient demographics and characteristics of ENTM isolates characterized by four Minnesota reference laboratories during 2013-2017 to assess potential value of systematic laboratory-based ENTM surveillance in Minnesota. Laboratories characterized 490 ENTM isolates, representing an estimated burden of 1.8/100,000 people/year in Minnesota. Thirty-one species or complexes were identified; most common were | (31%), | (22%), | (11%), and | (4%). Most common specimen collection sites included skin and soft tissue (38%), blood (15%), neck lymph node or tissue (12%), sinus (8%), joint or bone (5%), device or implant (4%), and eye (3%). Median age of patients was 55 years (range: 2-98 years); 18% were from patients aged <18 years, 20% aged 18-44 years, 28% aged 45-64 years and 34% aged >65 years. Sex was documented for 238 (49%) patients; 127 (53%) were males. County information was available for 313 patients (64%); approximately half (49%) resided in metropolitan Minneapolis-Saint Paul. Laboratory data can be used for ENTM surveillance in Minnesota. Implementing laboratory-based surveillance can detect ENTM cases, provide a mechanism for obtaining clinical and epidemiological information, and enable earlier identification of potential health care transmission or community clusters.
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