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Trends and characteristics of sexually transmitted infections during pregnancy : United States, 2016–2018
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    Objectives—This report presents data on recent trends for three sexually transmitted infections (STIs)—chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis—reported among women giving birth in the United States from 2016 through 2018, and rates by selected characteristics for 2018. Methods—Data are from birth certificates and are based on 100% of births registered in the United States for 2016, 2017, and 2018. Birth certificate data on infections during pregnancy are recommended to be collected from the mother’s medical records (1). Mothers are to be reported as having an infection if there is a confirmed diagnosis or documented treatment for the infection in their medical record (2). Results—Among women giving birth in 2018, the overall rates of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis were 1,843.9, 310.2, and 116.7 per 100,000 births, respectively. The rates for these STIs increased 2% (chlamydia), 16% (gonorrhea), and 34% (syphilis) from 2016 through 2018. In 2018, rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea decreased with advancing maternal age, whereas those for syphilis decreased with maternal age through 30–34 years and then increased for women aged 35 and over. In 2018, rates of all three STIs were highest for non-Hispanic black women, women who smoked during pregnancy, women who received late or no prenatal care, and women for whom Medicaid was the principal source of payment for the delivery. Among women aged 25 and over, rates of each of the STIs decreased with increasing maternal education. Suggested citation: Gregory ECW, Ely DM. Trends and characteristics of sexually transmitted infections during pregnancy: United States, 2016–2018. National Vital Statistics Reports; vol 69 no 3. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2020. CS315066 nvsr69-03-508.pdf
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