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HIV safety guidelines and laboratory training. NIOSH.
  • Published Date:

    1991 Nov-Dec

  • Source:
    Public Health Rep. 106(6):727-732
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-1.40 MB]

  • Alternative Title:
    Public Health Rep
  • Description:
    At the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), educational activities concerning acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are directed to many target audiences; important among these are health care and public safety workers. Several CDC programs are designed to address the specific education and training needs of these groups. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has developed a set of occupational safety guidelines directed to fire service personnel, emergency medical technicians, paramedics, and law enforcement and correctional facility personnel. These guidelines provide information on modes of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the workplace, the risk of transmission, the control of risk, and specific risk-control recommendations. NIOSH also has developed a model curriculum, based on the principles and practices discussed in the guidelines, for use in training workers. The Hospital Infections Program (HIP) at CDC's National Center for Infectious Diseases is responsible for assessing the risk of HIV infection for both health care workers and patients. As part of this effort, HIP has developed guidelines to prevent transmission of HIV and other bloodborne pathogens in health care settings, as well as statements regarding management of occupational exposure to HIV. The Public Health Practice Program Office provides laboratory training to health care workers who are performing HIV- and AIDS-related testing. This training is delivered through the National Laboratory Training Network and through courses given at CDC headquarters in Atlanta. The delivery of laboratory training is supported by the development of training materials and by performance evaluation programs.
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