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Factors Associated With Parents’ Intent to Vaccinate Adolescents for Human Papillomavirus: Findings From the 2014 National Immunization Survey–Teen

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    Prev Chronic Dis
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    Introduction While factors associated with receipt of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination have been well characterized, less is known about the characteristics associated with parents’ intent to have their adolescent children vaccinated. This study aimed to examine factors associated with parental intention toward HPV vaccination. Methods We analyzed data on 10,354 adolescents aged 13 to 17 years from the 2014 National Immunization Survey–Teen. Weighted multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations between sociodemographic characteristics of mothers and adolescents, as well as a health care provider recommendation with parents’ intention to have their children receive HPV vaccine. Results Among unvaccinated adolescents, Hispanic ethnicity (boys adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.87, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.34–2.61; and girls AOR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.05–2.35), mothers with less than a high school diploma (boys AOR, 2.41; 95% CI, 1.58–3.67; and girls AOR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.02–3.38), and having a health care provider recommend the vaccine (boys AOR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.52–2.31; and girls AOR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.05–1.82) were significantly associated with parents’ intention to have their adolescent child vaccinated within the next 12 months. In addition, non-Hispanic black race was a significant predictor of parents’ intent to vaccinate for boys (AOR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.35–2.65). Conclusion Maternal education and Hispanic ethnicity were the strongest predictors of parental intent to vaccinate against HPV, followed by provider recommendation. As HPV vaccination rates in the United States remain below the Healthy People 2020 goal, messages may need to be targeted based on maternal education, race/ethnicity, and provider recommendation.
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