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Common ways Americans are incorporating fruits and vegetables into their diet: intake patterns by meal, source, and form, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007–2010
  • Published Date:

    Mar 28 2016

  • Source:
    Public Health Nutr. 19(14):2535-2539.
Filetype[PDF-90.15 KB]

  • Alternative Title:
    Public Health Nutr
  • Description:
    Objective We explored how Americans aged 2 years and older who consumed the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables on a given day incorporated fruits and vegetables into their diet compared to those who did not consume recommended amounts. Design We used one day of dietary recall data from the 2007–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine cross sectional differences in mean intake of fruits and vegetables in cup equivalents by meal, source, and form between the two groups. Setting United States Subjects 17,571 2007–10 NHANES participants aged 2 years and older with 1 day of reliable 24-hour recall data Results On a given day, the proportion of fruits and vegetables consumed at different meals were similar between those who consumed recommended amounts and those who did not. Among adults, 59 – 64% of their intake of fruit was consumed at breakfast or as a snack and almost 90% of came from retail outlets regardless of whether they consumed the recommended amount or not. Adults who consumed the recommended amount of fruit ate more fruit in raw form and with no additions than those who did not. Among children and adults, 52–57% of vegetables were consumed at dinner by both groups. Retail outlets were the main source of vegetables consumed (62%–68%). Conclusion Our findings indicate that habits of when, where and how consumers eat fruits and vegetables might not need to change but increasing the amount consumed would help those not currently meeting the recommendation.
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