Serum antibody response to Moraxella catarrhalis proteins OMP CD, OppA, Msp22, Hag, and PilA2 after nasopharyngeal colonization and acute otitis media in children
Published Date:Sep 21 2015
Keywords:Acute Otitis Media
Moraxella (Branhamella) Catarrhalis
Pubmed Central ID:PMC4609635
Funding:R01 DC008671/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS/United States
R01 DC012200/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS/United States
R03 AI113649/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/United States
R01 CD08671/CD/ODCDC CDC HHS/United States
There is no licensed vaccine for Moraxella catarrhalis (Mcat), which is a prominent bacterium causing acute otitis media (AOM) in children and lower respiratory tract infections in adults. Nasopharyngeal (NP) colonization caused by respiratory bacteria results in natural immunization of the host. To identify Mcat antigens as vaccine candidates, we evaluated the development of naturally induced antibodies to 5 Mcat surface proteins in children 6–30 months of age during Mcat NP colonization and AOM.
Human serum IgG against the recombinant Mcat proteins, outer membrane protein (OMP) CD, oligopeptide permease (Opp)A, hemagglutinin (Hag), Moraxella surface protein (Msp)22, and PilA clade 2 (PilA2) was quantitated by using an ELISA assay.
There were 223 Mcat NP colonization episodes documented in 111 (60%) of 184 children in the study. Thirty five Mcat AOM episodes occurred in 30 (16%) of 184 children. All 5 Mcat candidate vaccine antigens evaluated stimulated a significant rise in serum IgG levles over time from 6 to 36 months of age (P < 0.001), with a rank order as follows: Msp22 = OppA > OMP CD = Hag = PilA2. Children with no detectable Mcat NP colonization showed a higher serum IgG level against OppA, Hag, and Msp22 compared to those with Mcat NP colonization (P < 0.05). Individual data showed that some children responded to AOM with an antibody increase to one or more of the studied Mcat proteins but some children failed to respond.
Serum antibody to Mcat candidate vaccine proteins OMP CD, OppA, Msp22, Hag, and PilA2 increased with age in naturally immunized children age 6–30 months following Mcat NP colonization and AOM. High antibody levels against OppA, Msp22, and Hag correlated with reduced carriage. The results support further investigation of these vaccine candidates in protecting against Mcat colonization and infection.
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