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Chemoprophylaxis of malaria : Supplement
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  • Description:
    "Each year a large number of Americans travel to malarious areas of the world. In recent years there has been a resurgence of malaria in many countries where control had been temporarily achieved. Consequently, there has been a significant increase in the incidence of imported malaria in the United States. From 1970 through 1975, the number of cases of malaria in civilians reported to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) rose from 151 to 430 per year. Information submitted to CDC by health departments and private physicians indicates that many travelers to malarious areas and their physicians are unaware of the risk of acquiring this disease or of the need for malaria chemoprophylaxis. Even when travelers are properly informed and do receive prophylactic medication, they often stop taking their drugs as soon as they return home. The financial cost of such inadequate malaria chemoprophylaxis was well illustrated in a recent study of patients with malaria at a New York hospital; it showed that an illness which cost approximately $1,700 to treat in the hospital could have been prevented by taking just 5 cents' worth of prophylactic medication a week. The potential risk of inadequate antimalarial prophylaxis can be even better appreciated when it is realized that from 1970 through 1975, 12 American travelers died of malaria after returning to this country."

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