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Workplace violence among Pennsylvania education workers: Differences among occupations☆
  • Published Date:
    Feb 2013
  • Source:
    J Safety Res. 44:65-71.
Filetype[PDF - 571.19 KB]

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  • Description:

    The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence and characteristics of physical and non-physical WPV in a state-based cohort of education workers.


    A sample of 6,450 workers was drawn using de-identified union membership lists, stratified on gender, occupation, and school location. A cross-sectional survey was mailed to participants.


    An estimated 7.8% (95%CI = 6.6–9.1) of education workers were physically assaulted and 28.9% (95%CI = 26.4–31.5) experienced a non-physical WPV event during the 2009–2010 school year. Special education teachers were significantly more likely to be physically assaulted and experience a non-physical WPV event compared to general education teachers (Prevalence Rate Ratio = 3.6, 95% 2.4–5.5; PRR = 1.4, 95%CI = 1.1–1.8).


    Special education teachers were at the highest risk for both physical and non-physical WPV. If not already present, schools should consider implementing comprehensive WPV prevention programs for their employees.

    Impact on Industry

    Special education teachers have unique workplace hazards. Strategies that protect the special education teacher, while still protecting the special education student should be considered.

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