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HIV Infection, risk, prevention, and testing behaviors among persons who inject drugs—National HIV Behavioral Surveillance: injection drug use, 20 U.S. cities, 2012
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  • Description:
    This revised edition of HIV Infection, Risk, Prevention, and Testing Behaviors among Persons Who Inject Drugs—National HIV Behavioral Surveillance: Injection Drug Use, 20 U.S. Cities, 2012, HIV Surveillance Special Report, 2015, number 11, includes corrected data for household income (Table 1) and corrected def- initions for exchange sex (p. 14 and Table 15).

    Lowering the annual number of new HIV infections is one of 3 major goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy. This goal is to be achieved by implementing 3 important strategies for reducing HIV infections: (1) intensifying HIV prevention efforts in communities where HIV is most heavily concentrated, including blacks or African Americans (hereafter referred to as blacks); Hispanics or Latinos; gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (hereafter referred to as MSM); and persons who inject drugs (PWID); (2) expanding efforts to prevent HIV infection by using a combination of effective, evidence-based, scalable approaches (including drug treatment and access to sterile needles and syringes); and (3) educating the general public about the threat of HIV infection and how to prevent it. State and local health departments, as well as federal agencies, are expected to monitor progress toward the goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy.

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) serves as a key component of its high-impact prevention approach to reducing the spread of HIV in the United States by providing data for monitoring behaviors among populations at risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV infection, and identifying the populations for whom scientifically proven, cost-effective, scalable interventions are most appropriate. NHBS also helps state and local health departments in areas with high AIDS prevalence to monitor selected risk behaviors, HIV testing, use of prevention programs, and HIV prevalence in 3 populations at high risk of HIV infection: MSM, PWID, and heterosexual adults at increased risk of HIV.

    This report summarizes findings from cycle 3 of NHBS data collection among PWID, which was conducted in 2012; data from cycles 1 and 2 among PWID (2006, 2009) have been published. The report provides descriptive, unweighted data that can be used to describe HIV infection among PWID and the percentages of PWID reporting specific risk behaviors, HIV testing, and participation in prevention programs. Monitoring these outcomes is useful for assessing risk behaviors and the utilization of prevention efforts over time and for identifying new HIV prevention opportunities for this population.

    This report was prepared by the following CDC staff: Wade Ivy, III, Cyprian Wejnert, Laura Cooley, Binh Le, Jeselyn Rhodes, Gabriela Paz-Bailey or the NHBS Study Group.

    Suggested citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV Infection, Risk, Prevention, and Testing Behaviors among Persons Who Inject Drugs—National HIV Behavioral Surveillance: Injection Drug Use, 20 U.S. Cities, 2012. HIV Surveillance Special Report 11. Revised edition. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/ library/reports/surveillance/. Published August 2015. Accessed [date].

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