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Interim guidance to state and local governments for the removal of state- and locally imposed quarantine orders and the euthanasia of animals affected by the monkeypox outbreak
  • Published Date:

    November 4, 2003

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  • Description:
    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has been working closely with several state and local health departments and other partners to investigate cases of monkeypox virus infections among persons who had direct or close contact with ill prairie dogs. Exposures of interest to these ill animals occurred after April 15, 2003. Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that typically occurs among animals and humans in central and west Africa. In humans, the illness produces a blister-like rash similar to that of smallpox. Time from contact with a sick animal to the beginning of fever in a person is usually about 12 days. During the current outbreak of monkeypox in the United States, most infected persons have had illness that was relatively mild to moderate in severity, and there have been no deaths. However, the disease can be severe, and in Africa about 1% to 10% of human cases are fatal.
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