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Monkeypox infections in animals : updated interim guidance for persons who have frequent contact with animals (pet owners, pet shop owners and employees, animal rescuers, animal handlers, and animal control officers)
  • Published Date:
    November 4, 2003
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-146.57 KB]

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  • Description:
    Spread of monkeypox -- Monkeypox in the United States -- Legal restrictions on importation and distribution of animals associated with monkeypox outbreak -- Symptoms of monkeypox in animals -- Contact with sick animals -- Cleaning of household or facility after removal of an animal with monkeypox -- Quarantine of exposed animals -- What to do with exposed animals that cannot be quarantined -- Care of animals by humans infected with monkeypox -- Additional information.

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has been working closely with other federal agencies and several state and local health departments to investigate cases of monkeypox virus infections among humans who had direct or close contact with ill wild or exotic animals, mainly captive prairie dogs.

    Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that typically occurs among animals and people in central and western Africa. In humans, the illness produces a blister-like rash similar to that of smallpox. Time from contact with a sick animal to the beginning of fever in a person is usually about 12 days. During the current outbreak in the United States, most infected persons have had illness that was relatively mild to moderate in severity, and there have been no deaths from monkeypox. However, the disease can be severe, and in Africa about 1% to 10% of human cases are fatal (for additional information, see the monkeypox article in Emerging Infectious Diseases at www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol7no3/hutinG1.htm).

    This document provides updated interim guidance for persons who have frequent contact with animals (including pet owners, pet shop owners and employees, animal control officers, animal rescuers, and others). It will be updated as new information becomes available and after consultation with additional public health partners. Veterinarians should refer to veterinary guidance at www.cdc.gov/ncidod/monkeypox/animalguidance.htm.

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