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Epidemic/epizootic West Nile virus in the United States; guidelines for surveillance, prevention, and control : from a workshop cosponsored by Department of Health and Human Services, CDC and the U.S. Department of Agriculture held in Fort Collins, Colorado, November 8-9, 1999
  • Published Date:
    March 2000
  • Language:
Filetype[PDF-339.82 KB]

  • Alternative Title:
    Epidemic epizootic West Nile virus in the United States
  • Description:
    I. Surveillance -- II. Laboratory diagnosis -- III. Prevention and Control -- IV. Health Department infrastructure -- V. Interjurisdictional data sharing and national reporting of human cases -- VI. Research priorities -- Appendix A. Agenda and List of Meeting Participants -- Appendix B. Questions/Issues Relating to West Nile Virus in the Western Hemisphere -- Appendix C. Guidelines for Phased Response to West Nile Virus Surveillance Data -- Appendix D. Working Surveillance Case Definition of West Nile Encephalitis -- Appendix E. CDC Data and Specimen Handling (D.A.S.H.) Form 50.34

    "The epidemic/epizootic of West Nile (WN) virus in the northeastern United States in the summer and fall of 1999 was an unprecedented event, underscoring the ease with which emerging infectious pathogens can move into new geographic areas. The outbreak also raised the issue of the preparedness of many local, state and national public health agencies to deal with epidemics of vector-borne diseases in this country. Because it is unknown whether WN virus will be able to persist through the winter, whether it has already or will spread to new geographic locations, and what the public health and animal health implications of this introduction will be, it is important to proactively establish surveillance, prevention and control programs to prevent future WN virus epidemics in this country. Accordingly, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) co-sponsored a meeting of experts representing a wide range of disciplines (see Appendix A) to review the state of our knowledge about the epidemic/epizootic in the Northeast and to provide input and guidance on the kinds of programs that should be established to effectively monitor WN virus activity and to prevent potential future outbreaks of disease." - p. 1

  • Content Notes:
    Includes Appendices: A. National West Nile Virus Surveillance System -- B. Surveillance case definition for West Nile Virus infection in equines -- C. National surveillance case definition for arboviral encephalitis/meningitis -- D. CDC-recommended surveillance case definition for WN fever -- E. Recommended framework for standardized "extended" clinical variables in studies of human WNV disease. ; Includes bibliographical references (p. 46). ;
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